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Basic technical conditions for children's furniture


First, it is to prevent collision damage of furniture to children.


Children's furniture products are required to be free from sharp edges and tips, and the edges and edges should be rounded or chamfered. The contactable dangerous external angle of the product below the ground level of 1600mm should be rounded, and the rounding radius should be no less than 10mm, or the inverted arc length should be no less than 15mm.
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The product should not have dangerous protrusions. If dangerous protrusions are present, they are protected in a suitable manner. For example, the ends are bent or a protective cap or cover is added to effectively increase the area that may be in contact with the skin.


Second, it is to prevent children from crushing injuries caused by furniture.


In order to prevent children from getting stuck in the furniture holes and gaps when using furniture, the standard requirements for the rigid materials of children's furniture products, the depth and clearance of holes and gaps exceeding 10mm, the diameter or clearance should be less than 6mm or greater than or equal to 12mm; The gap between the moving parts in contact shall be less than 5mm or greater than or equal to 12mm;


At the same time, in addition to doors, covers, push-pull parts and their hardware, children's furniture should not produce dangerous extrusion and shear points under normal use load. If the product has a folding mechanism or bracket, there should be a safety stop or locking device to prevent accidental movement or folding. The exposed end of the tubular member shall be closed;
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In addition to swivel chairs, products with casters should have at least 2 casters that can be locked or at least 2 non-caster supports;


Third, it is to prevent children from entering the inside of the furniture caused by the closed injury


In order to prevent children from hiding in cabinet furniture for too long and suffocating, the standard cabinet-type closed furniture that children are required to use should have a certain ventilation function. It is stipulated that the product has airtight and confined space (such as the space formed by the door or cover and other parts), and the closed continuous space is larger than 0.03 cubic meters; for the inner size of the furniture larger than 150mm, the interior should have a single opening area of ​​650mm2; Two unobstructed ventilation openings of at least 150 mm, or an air-permeable opening with an equivalent area that expands the two 650 mm2 openings and the space between them; it is also required to place the furniture anywhere on the floor and rely on The vents should remain unobstructed when the two corners of the corner of the room intersect at a 90° angle. The vents can be fitted with a mesh or similar component that is breathable. In addition, note that furniture doors or covers for such furniture should not be equipped with automatic locking devices.







Fourth, it is to prevent furniture from falling over to children.


In order to prevent some cabinet products from falling over during use, causing harm to children, the standard requires that all high-table tables and cabinets with a height greater than 600mm should provide the connecting parts of the fixed products on the building and express them in the instructions for use. Install the usage method.


Fifth, it is to prevent the furniture glass drawer from falling off and hurting children.


Furniture glass is one of the main problems causing children's injuries. The standard requires that glass parts should not be used except for the height above the ground or the height of the child's standing surface is more than 1600mm. At the same time, the push-pull parts such as drawers and keyboard holders should be required. There is an anti-pull device to prevent children from accidentally pulling off and causing injury.


Sixth, is to prevent the furniture rope from entanglement damage to children


Because children are very curious about things like ropes in their homes, they are wrapped around themselves, but once they can't get rid of their hands and feet, they can easily cause ischemic necrosis and even life-threatening. Therefore, the standard requires the ropes, ribbons or ropes used in the product to be no more than 220mm in length.






Seventh, it is to prevent indoor environmental pollution damage caused by furniture


The standard emphasizes that the harmful substances limit of products should meet the requirements of relevant product standards, and it is harmful to heavy metals, formaldehyde emission and decomposable aromatic amines in the main and auxiliary materials such as children's furniture artificial panels, paints, textiles and leather fabrics. The substance specifies a limit indicator that is more stringent and demanding than the requirements for adult furniture. For the toxic and harmful substances such as soluble heavy metals, formaldehyde emission and decomposable aromatic amines in the main and auxiliary materials such as children's furniture artificial panels, paints, textiles and fur fabrics, the limit indicators are specified.


Eight, is to prevent furniture products burning damage


According to the statistics of the Beijing Municipal Fire Bureau, the average number of fires caused by children's fires in Beijing is 442 per year, accounting for 6.7% of the total number of fires, which is one of the main causes of family fires. The standard requirements for soft furniture products such as fabric sofas, sofa beds and soft mattresses used by children in public places and individual families should comply with the requirements of the State for the evaluation of the anti-ignition characteristics of mattresses and sofas. The flame retardant properties of children's upholstered furniture used in public places such as kindergartens and in individual households are emphasized.